London is the largest city in the UK and the EU. It was originally a Roman city and throughout its history it has played a pivotal role as a commercial, financial, and industrial centre. It has a long imperial past and for 200 years was the capital of the British Empire. The city’s economy has undergone massive changes since 1945. Much of its industrial base has been lost and the industries associated with its once-thriving docks have disappeared. At the same time its financial services, IT, and creative industries sectors have expanded relentlessly and London is often portrayed as one of the most economically and culturally dynamic cities in the world.

London has traditionally been a centre for in-migration. Its position as an imperial city and now a global city has helped to make it one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. The 2011 Census revealed that 2.6million people in London were born outside of the UK, out of a population of 8.17 million. At the same time it is increasingly a city of contrasts. Socio-economic inequality between different neighbourhoods is comparable with cities in the Global South. The geographer Danny Dorling has shown that the richest 10% of London’s residents now possess 273 times the income and assets of the poorest 10%. It is, therefore, a truly hyper-diverse city and one in which policy-makers, planners, politicians, and civil society groups have given significant attention to broader questions of diversity.

Haringey is one of London’s 33 boroughs. It is located in central London, north of the core commercial centre. Almost two-thirds of its population of 254,000, and 70% of its young people, are from ethnic minority backgrounds, and over 100 languages are spoken in the borough. Haringey’s population is the fifth most ethnically diverse in the country. The area expanded in the 19th and 20th centuries as London’s boundaries expanded. It was formally constituted as a London borough in the city’s re-organisation in 1965 and the creation of Greater London. Haringey is a borough of exceptional diversity and includes some of London’s most affluent neighbourhoods, such as Highgate and Muswell Hill, as well as some of its most deprived, such as Tottenham. It is ethnically very diverse and has a progressive local political tradition that has always embraced migrants and the different cultural attributes of its residents. As with much of central London, parts of the borough experienced significant amounts of gentrification during the 2000s and inequalities have grown. In 2011, it was one of the starting points for the London riots and its community relations have since been a focus of national attention.

District Images

Key Statistics

UK England & Wales/UK London Haringey
Area (km2) 241 930 [3] 1 572 [1] 28 [2]
Total Population [5] 56 075 900 8 173 900 254 900
Average household income (£) 26 500 [8] 20 238 [6] 31 600 [7]
Unemployment [9] 4.4% 5.2% 6.1%
Receiving job-seekers allowance [10] 3% 3.1% 4.3%
Owner-occupied housing (%) 64% [13] 49.6% [11] 38.8% [12]
Average house price (£) [14] 165 411 396 646 407 725
Highest level of education completed (%) [5] England & Wales / UK London Haringey
No qualifications 22.7 17.6 17.8
Level 1 qualifications (1-4 GCSEs at any grade & equiv.) 13.3 10.7 8.7
Level 2 qualifications (5+ GCSE Grades A*-C & equiv.) 15.3 11.8 10.1
Apprenticeship 3.6 1.6 1
Level 3 qualifications (2+ A Levels and equiv.) 12.3 10.5 9.6
Level 4 qualifications and above (Degree and equiv.) 27.2 37.7 40.8
Other qualifications (vocational and foreign) 5.7 10 12
Ethnicity (%) [15] England & Wales/UK London Haringey
White (English – Welsh – Scottish – Northern Irish – British – Irish – Gypsy or Irish Traveller – Other White) 86 59.8 60.5
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups (White and Black Caribbean – White and Black African – White and Asian – Other Mixed) 2.2 5 6.5
Asian/Asian British (Indian – Pakistani – Bangladeshi – Chinese – Other Asian) 7.5 18.4 9.5
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British (African – Caribbean – Other Black) 3.3 13.3 18.7
Other (Arab – any other ethnic group) 1 3.4 4.8
Age Groups [16]

London 0-14

London 15-24

London 25-44

London 45-64

London 65+

1. Encyclopaedia Britannica
2. London Borough of Haringey
3. World Bank
4. Figures about Haringey – Population profile of Haringey based on 2011 National Census data, Office of National Statistics:
5. 2011 Census: Highest Level of qualifications, local authorities in the United Kingdom
6. Household Disposable Income Across the UK, 2010
7. Household income and dwelling ownership by Local Authority, April 2007 – May 2008, England and Wales
8. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), 2012 Provisional Results, United Kingdom
9. 2011 Census: Economic activity, local authorities in the United Kingdom
10. Regional Labour Market: JSA01 – Claimant Count for Local and Unitary Authorities, December 2013
11. 2011 Census Analysis, A Century of Home Ownership and Renting in England and Wales, Released 19 April 2013
12. Household income and dwelling ownership by Local Authority, March 2011, England and Wales
13. 2011 Census, Detailed Characteristics on Housing for Local Authorities in England and Wales, Released 28 June 2013
14. Land Registry – House Price Index, November 2013
15. Figures about Haringey – Population profile of Haringey based on 2011 National Census data, Office of National Statistics
16. Figures about Haringey – Population profile of Haringey based on 2011 National Census data, Office of National Statistics

London Reports

Urban Policies on Diversity

Critical analysis of existing urban policy programmes and discourses in the case study city. Includes overview of political systems and governance structures, key shifts in national discourses, and approaches to policy over migration, citizenship, and diversity.

Governance Arrangements and Initiatives

Analysis of local governance arrangements and initiatives in the case study area that target social cohesion, social mobility and economic performance.

Work Package 5 Initiatives

Fieldwork Inhabitants

Analysis of how urban diversity and policies and arrangements affect different population groups living in cities in terms of social cohesion and social mobility.

Fieldwork Entrepreneurs

Analysis of how urban diversity and policies and arrangements with respect to urban diversity affect different population groups living in cities in terms of economic performance and to clarify who (which social groups) profit and how they profit.

London News

London City Book


This book examines the relationships between growing economic, social, and cultural diversity in London and the city’s planning, governance, and development. It explores the ways in which debates over ‘diversity’ have been framed in political